WIRELESS

Solar Powered Telemetry

A long-term and uninterrupted monitoring of the environmental and geological data is being implemented by many countries for the purpose of safeguarding the environment and wildlife. In such remote ecologically vulnerable areas, utilizing telemetry is the only option to implement an unattended monitoring system so that the requirement on cost and safety can be satisfied. Like any other system, the telemetry systems also need power to function. But the coverage rate of the power grid in these areas is usually lower than the average level and often not available. In these cases, solar powered systems become the most feasible option in terms of stability, reliability and ease of maintenance. Moreover, they are increasingly becoming the best solution for power supply of telemetry systems.

More

The combination of the two systems forms a solar-powered telemetry solution. It is widely used in applications such as water management, navigation, wildlife research and management for unattended monitoring and data logging.

A solar-powered telemetry system is commonly made up of three subsystems: solar power system, telemetry system and communication system. The solar power system consists of solar panels, rechargeable battery, charge management and power conversion. This system is used to collect solar power and store electrical power, and then convert the stored power into the one that is suited for the telemetry system. The telemetry system may have different designs depending on the different applications. In general, it basically includes three blocks: sensors, signal conditioning and MCU.

The telemetry system is responsible for the collection of environmental data and equipments’ operation status and the transmission of the collected information to the control center. The communication system employs different modules and structures according to the communication modes applied by the system and the control center. The direct communication with the control center is realized mostly by the high-power module dedicatedly designed for long distance transmission. In some areas where there are existing cellular networks, the GPRS/CDMA modules in these networks can be used as the substitutes. The indirect communication can be implemented using the lower-power modules and repeaters. After receiving the data from those modules, the repeaters can boost the transmission power to resend the data to the control center.

Less

Hover over the blocks to view recommended products for this solution:

Collects solar power and converts it into electrical power.
Click for full parts list

Charges the battery
Click for full parts list

Li-ion battery and lead-acid battery stores electrical energy.
Click for full parts list

Senses enviromental or geological information from the surrounding and constantly feeds it to the system
Click for full parts list

High precision amplifier is the core chip of signal conditioning circuit.
Click for full parts list

MUX can accommodate multiple analog input channels. Some ADCs have them integrated internally.
Click for full parts list

High performance ADC converts analog signal into digital signal.
Click for full parts list

Control of conditioned signal from the telemetry block

MSP430F149IRTDT
MSP430F149IRTDT
Texas Instruments

Click for full parts list

Communication by GSM/GPRS protocols

MC75I
MC75I
Cinterion

Click for full parts list

Power Management
Click for full parts list

Voltage Reference
Click for full parts list

Communication of controlled signal(s) enabled with RF transceivers

CC1101RTK
CC1101RTK
Texas Instruments
ADF7021BCPZ
ADF7021BCPZ
Analog Devices
MRF24J40-I/ML
MRF24J40-I/ML
Microchip

Click for full parts list

EZ430-RF2500-SEH
EZ430-RF2500-SEH
Texas Instruments
The eZ430-RF2500-SEH is a Solar Energy Harvesting (EH) development kit creating a perpetually powered wireless sensor network based on the MSP430 microcontroller. The EH module includes a high-efficiency solar panel optimized for low-intensity light, providing enough power to run a wireless sensor application with no additional batteries.
Buy Now
AC320011
AC320011
Microchip
The Machine-to-Machine (M2M) PICtail Daughter Board, based on GSM/GPRS modules, creates easy M2M applications capable of location-awareness. The daughter board interfaces with Microchips Multimedia Expansion Board and a PIC32 Starter Kit to develop a turn-key platform for apps such as texting, email, and GPS.
Buy Now
WLNG-ET-DP101
WLNG-ET-DP101
QUATECH
A highly integrated wireless ethernet bridge module includes a radio, a base-band processor, an application processor and software for a "drop-in" web-enabled WiFi solution. Airborne™ modules provide instant LAN and Internet connectivity through standard ethernet interface to a wide variety of applications. The module is interoperable with industry standard 802.11 LAN and Internet connectivity with advanced security standards such as WEP, WPA and EAP. The built-in TCP/IP stack, RTOS and application software provide embedded devices with instant connectivity with simple configuration using Quatech 's HTML interface.
Buy Now
MC75I
MC75I
CINTERION
MC75i Wireless Module offer the fastest transmission standard in GSM networks. The MC75i comes with a TCP/IP stack over AT, serial and USB ports, and a RIL driver for Microsoft® Windows™ Mobile 6.1 based devices. The module provides 236 kbps in both up and down link, opening path to applications with high-volume data transfers.
Buy Now
MTSMC-G2-GP-ED-SP
MTSMC-G2-GP-ED-SP
MULTITECH
The SocketModem® iCell intelligent cellular modem is a ready-to-integrate communications device that offers standards-based quad-band GSM/GPRS Class 10 performance. This device allows developers to add wireless communication and GPS tracking to products with a minimum of development time and expense. The intelligence of the embedded Universal IP™ stack allows for automatic/persistent connectivity for mission critical applications and enhanced M2M functionality.
Buy Now
TIMCUAdvanced Debugging Using the Enhanced Emulation Module (EEM) (Rev. C) MSP430F4XXClick here
TIMCUUsing power solutions to extend battery life in MSP430 applicationsMSP430F4XXClick here
TIMCUMSP430 32-kHz Crystal Oscillators (Rev. B) MSP430F4XXClick here
TIMCUUltra-Low Power Motion Detection Using the MSP430F2013 MSP430F4XXClick here
TIMCUMSP430 Competitive Benchmarking MSP430F4XXClick here
TIMCUPowering an MSP430 From a Single Battery CellMSP430F4XXClick here
TIMCUMSP430 Flash Memory Characteristics (Rev. A)MSP430F4XXClick here
TIMCUThree-Phase Electronic Watt-Hour Meter Design Using MSP430MSP430F4XXClick here
NXPMCUARM Cortex-M0 Processor (in ARM I.Q.) (Mar 2009) LPC1100Click here
NXPMCUARM Preps Tiny Core for Low-Power Microcontrollers (in EE Times) LPC1100Click here
NXPMCULPCXpresso Low-Cost Development Platform LPC1100Click here
NXPMCUNXP Launches the LPC1100, Interview with NXP's Geoff Lees (in IQ Magazine) LPC1100Click here
NXPMCUSample Code Bundle for LPC11xx Peripherals using Keil's MDK-ARMLPC1100Click here
MicrochipMCUAN1171 - How To Use The Capacitive Sensing Module (CSM)PIC16F193xClick here
MicrochipMCUAN1267 - nanoWatt & nanoWatt XLP(TM) Technologies: An Introduction to Microchip's Low Power devicesPIC16F193xClick here
MicrochipMCUAN1302 - An I2C Bootloader for the PIC16F1XXX Enhanced CorePIC16F193xClick here
MicrochipMCUAN1303 - Software Real-Time Clock and Calendar Using PIC16F1827PIC16F193xClick here
MicrochipMCUAN1310 - High-Speed Bootloader for PIC16 and PIC18 DevicesPIC16F193xClick here
FreescaleMCUThermostat Reference Design Using the MC9S08LL16 MC9S08LL16Click here
FreescaleMCUAnalog Comparator Tips and Tricks for the MC9S08QG MCU MC9S08LL16Click here
FreescaleMCULCD Driver Specification MC9S08LL16Click here
FreescaleMCUHow to Handle Dual Flash Architecture in MC9S08LG32 MC9S08LL16Click here
FreescaleMCUEmulated EEPROM Implementation in Dual Flash Architecture and Demo Description on MC9S08LG32 MC9S08LL16Click here
FreescaleMCUMigrating from the MC9S08LL16 to MC9S08LL64 MicrocontrollerMC9S08LL16Click here
ManufacturerProduct TypeAN TitleAN NumberPart NumberURL
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS MCUMSP430 Value Line LaunchPad Development KitClick here
NXPMCUARM Cortex-M0 Processor (in ARM I.Q.) (Mar 2009) Click here
NXPMCUARM Preps Tiny Core for Low-Power Microcontrollers (in EE Times) Click here
NXPMCULPCXpresso Low-Cost Development Platform Click here
NXPMCUNXP targets 8/16-bit apps with low cost Cortex-M0 MCU (in SCDsource) Click here
FREESCALE SEMICONDUCTOR MCUS08LL16PWRCMPWP Click here
ManufacturerProduct TypeWhite Paper TitleURL
FREESCALE SEMICONDUCTOR MCUDemonstration board for the DEMO9S08LC60 microcontrollerDEMO9S08LC609S08LC60Click here
FREESCALE SEMICONDUCTOR MCUS08MP16 Demonstration boardDEMO9S08MP169S08MP16Click here
FREESCALE SEMICONDUCTOR MCUDEMO9S08QE8 is a cost-effective board targeting quick microcontroller evaluationDEMO9S08QD49S08QD4Click here
FREESCALE SEMICONDUCTOR MCUDemonstration board for the DEMO9S08QE8 microcontrollerDEMO9S08QE89S08QE8Click here
FREESCALE SEMICONDUCTOR MCUDemonstration board for the MC9S08QG8 microcontrollerDEMO9S08QG8E9S08QG8EClick here
FREESCALE SEMICONDUCTOR MCUDemonstration board for the DEMO9S08SE8 microcontrollerDEMO9S08SE89S08SE8Click here
MICROCHIP MCUPICDEM™ Z Demonstration KitAC163027-1Click here
MICROCHIP MCUPIC18F87J50 FS USB Plug-In ModuleMA180021PIC18F87J50Click here
MICROCHIP MCUPIC18F46J50 FS USB Demo Board  MA180024PIC18F46J50Click here
MICROCHIP MCUMCP3901 ADC Evaluation Board for 16-Bit MCUs  MCP3901EV-MCU16MCP3901Click here
OLIMEX MCUMPS430F169 STARTERKIT DEVELOPMENT BOARD WITH GRAPHICS LCDMSP430-169LCDMPS430FXXClick here
OLIMEX MCUMPS430F449 STARTERKIT DEVELOPMENT BOARD MSP430-449STK2MPS430FXXClick here
OLIMEX MCUMPS430FG4619 STARTERKIT DEVELOPMENT BOARD WITH COLOR GRAPHICS LCD,ACCELEROMETERMSP430-4619LCDMPS430FXXClick here
POWERLITE SYSTEMS MCUFlash Lab is a PC104 style Pic micro controller development system FLABClick here
POWERLITE SYSTEMS MCUFlash Lab is a PC104 style Pic micro controller development system FLABPClick here
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS MCUMSP430 USB Stick Development Tool EZ430-F2013MSP430FXXClick here
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS MCUMSP430 Wireless Development ToolEZ430-RF2500MSP430FXXClick here
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS MCUMSP430 Solar Energy Harvesting Development ToolEZ430-RF2500-SEHMSP430FXXClick here
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS MCUMSP430 2.4-GHz Wireless Target BoardEZ430-RF2500TMSP430FXXClick here
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS MCUMSP430 USB Stick F2012 Board EZ430-T2012MSP430FXXClick here
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS MCUMSP430FG4618/F2013 Experimenter BoardMSP-EXP430FG4618MSP430FXXClick here
ManufacturerProduct TypeEvaluation Kits TitleEVKs Part NumberPart NumberURL
CYPRESS SEMICONDUCTORRFAn Overview Study On 2.4 GHz CyFi™ Transceiver CYRF7936CYRF7936Click here
FREESCALE SEMICONDUCTORMCUGetting Started with RS08 MCUsClick here
FREESCALE SEMICONDUCTORMCUS08SF 8 Bit Microcontrollers and Development KitsClick here
LINEAR TECHNOLOGYADCLTC2440 – High Speed Delta Sigma ADCClick here
LINEAR TECHNOLOGYBattery ChargerLT3650 – Li-Ion Battery ChargerClick here
LINEAR TECHNOLOGYRFStudy on 0.4GHz to 2.7GHz High Linearity Upconverting MixerClick here
MICROCHIPMCUPIC18F2XK20/4XK20 8-Bit Microcontroller FamilyClick here
MICROCHIPMCUAn Introduction to nanoWatt XLP: PIC18F46J50Click here
MICROCHIPMCU8-Bit CMOS Microcontrollers With nanoWatt TechnologyClick here
MICROCHIPBattery ChargerBattery Charger BasicsClick here
TEXAS INSTRUMENTSMCUGetting Started with MSP430 MCUsClick here
TEXAS INSTRUMENTSRFCC1020 Low Power UHF TransceiverClick here
TEXAS INSTRUMENTSRFeZ430-Chronos Wireless Watch Development ToolClick here
ManufacturerProduct TypeTraining TitlePart NumberURL